EMDR is a form of psychotherapy that was developed to resolve symptoms resulting from disturbing and unresolved life experiences. It uses a structured approach to address past, present, and future aspects of disturbing memories. It is an integrative therapy, synthesizing elements of many traditional psychological orientations, such as psychodynamic, cognitive, behavioral, experiential, physiological, and interpersonal therapies.
The approach was developed by Dr. Francine Shapiro to resolve the development of trauma-related disorders as resulting from exposure to a traumatic or distressing event, such as rape, natural disaster, or childhood trauma. Since Dr. Francine Shapiro introduced EMDR to the clinical community in 1989, the last 25 years have seen a phenomenal research on the effectiveness of this therapy. Today, EMDR is accepted as a valid method of treatment for PTSD by the American Psychological Association and the American Psychiatric Association. And widely used in USA, Europe and many parts of Asia. EMDR therapy is recommended for children, adolescents and adults with PTSD by World Health Organization (W.H.O.), 2013.
The EMDR psychotherapy can be used for children and adults for behavioral, adjustment, interpersonal and emotional problems besides extreme traumatic experience resulting from natural and man-made disasters. A clinical background is necessary for proper application of the EMDR psychotherapy. This is a highly specialized therapy that requires supervised training for therapeutic effectiveness and client safety.